Art Deco: Trends in Design
The term “Art Deco,” reflecting the jazzy, stylish aspect of the period, was first coined in 1966; it is derived from the name of the great Paris exhibition of 1925, L’Exposition Internationale des Art Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts). In fact, the period was characterized by a greater diversity of ideals, tastes, and intentions than the term “Art Deco” implies and this is clearly reflected in the decorative arts of the time. While Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier were thinking in terms of simple, functional design capable of mass-production thus bringing master designs into the everyday life of many people, Emile-Jacques Ruhlmann and Jean Puiforcat were making elegant designs (in furniture and silver respectively) which carried on the old ebeniste tradition of custom-made objects for the privileged few. Machines and a new fascination with speed are reflected in designs for furniture, posters, and even home appliances while amusing, ingenious , and bizarre objects abound.
The exhibition emphasized the diversity of concurrent trends. Furniture, ceramic, glass, silver, metalwork, posters , prints, magazine advertistements, postage stamps, and textiles have been selected from Chicago area collections, and great names such as Ruhlmann, Corbusier, Wright, and Lalique and fine mass-produced items such as the Sunbeam coffee maker were represented.
Published by the Renaissance Society, 1973, pamphlet with die-cut cover, 16 pages.